“Simulation-based control” techniques in the context of 3D simulation technology enable the design and testing of innovative, complex control algorithms in the application of robots and automation. The basic idea of the concept is to carry out the development, parameterization and verification of control algorithms in so-called virtual test beds until the control system or observer exhibits the desired behavior. Afterwards the results are put directly at the disposal of a minimal version of the same simulation system, in order to address the real-life hardware in real time on the basis of the identical simulation models and algorithms. The concept thereby provides an integrated development approach, which through the transfer of simulation technologies to the real-life hardware closes the gap between simulated and real-life operation of a robot or an installation. This development approach, building on the concept of eRobotics, thereby makes available new techniques for mastering the constantly growing complexity of the current problems facing robotics and automation.